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作者:未知 时间:2020-10-23 阅读:( )

中考英语基础词组 305



a bit (of) 有一点,一会儿

a few 一些,少量

a kind of 一种,一类

a little 一点,少许

a lot of 许多,大量

a number of 一些,许多

a pair of 一双,一副

a piece of 一块,一张,一根,一片

above all 首先,首要

according to 根据,按照

after all 毕竟,终究

after class 课后

again and again 反复地,再三地

agree to do sth. 同意做某事

agree with sb. 同意某人的看法,与某人看法一致

all kinds of 各种各样的

all over 到处,遍及,结束

all right 行了,好吧,(病)好了

arrive at (in) a place 到达某地

as a result (作为)结果

as far as (表示程度,范围)就…;尽…



as if /though 好像,仿佛

as long as 只要

as soon as 一…就…

as usual 通常,平常地

as well as 除…之外(也)

as well 也,还有

as…as 像,如同

be proud of 骄傲,自豪

be strict with sb/in sth 对…严格要求

belong to 属于

both..and 两个都,既…又…

break down 损坏;(把化合物等)分解,(汽车)抛锚

break in 闯入,强行进入,插嘴,打断

break out (战争、火灾等)突然发生,爆发

bring up 教育,培养

build up 逐步建立

by accident/chance 偶然

by air (bus ,train,ship) 乘飞机(公共汽车、火车、轮船)

in the day/daytime 日间,在白天

by the way 顺便说

call in 召来,召集,来访

call on 拜访,访问;号召,呼吁



call up 召集,打电话

care for 喜欢;照顾(病人)

carry on 继续下去;继续开展

carry out 开展,执行

catch up with 赶上(或超过)

change into 转换成,把…变成

check in 报到,登记

check out 查明;结账

clear up 整理,收拾,(天气)放晴

come across (偶然)遇见(或发现)

come back 回来,想起来

come down 落,下来

come from 出生(于),来自

come in 进入,进来

come on 来吧,赶快;加油

come out 出来,(书等)出版,发行;发芽;开花

come to 共计,达到

come true 变为现实,成为事实

come up with 追上,赶上;想出(主意);找出(答案)

come up 上来,上升,抬头

compare to 与…相比

compare with 与…相比



congratulate sb on sth 祝贺…

connect with 与…相连

cut down 砍倒

cut off 切断

day and night 日日夜夜

deal with 处理,对付

depend on (upon) 依靠,相信,信赖

die out 消失,灭亡

different from 与…不同

divide…into… 把…分成…

do/try one's best to do 尽最大的努力

do some

cleaning(shopping) 做扫除(买东西)

each other 相互

earn/make one's/a living 谋生

either…or 或者…或者…

enjoy oneself 过得愉快

even if 即使,尽管

even though 即使,尽管

ever since 自那时起直到现在

face to face 面对面

fall asleep 入睡



fall ill 患病,病倒

far away 遥远的

far from 远离

feel like doing 想要…,感觉要…

fill…with 用…填充

fill in 填充

find out 查明,发现,了解

first of all 首先,首要

for ever 永远

for example 例如

from now on 从今以后,今后

from then on 从那时起

from time to time 不时,偶尔

from…to 从…到…

get along with 与…相处

get away 逃;离

get back 返回;回来;回家

get close(to) 接近

get down 降下

get in 进入,收获,达到

get off 脱下(衣服等);下车

get on with sb. 与…相处



get on. 上车;过活;进展

get through 通过,穿过;拨通(电话)

get together 聚会,联欢

get up 起床;起立

give away 分发;赠送

give back 归还;送回

give in 屈服,让步

give out 分发;发出(声音,光等);公布

give up 放弃

go ahead 走在前面,领先;干吧,干下去

go away 走开,离去

go by 走过;经过;过去

go fishing

(shopping,skating) (区)钓鱼(买东西,滑冰)

go for a walk 散步

go off 走开,离去

go on doing… 继续干某事,不停地干某事

go on with 继续

go on 继续

go out 出去,熄灭

go over 仔细检查,复习

go through 浏览,翻阅,通过




grow up 长大成人,成长

had better (do) 最好(做)

hand in 上交;缴纳

hand out 分发

hang on (打电话时)不挂断,等待片刻

hang up 挂断电话

have a cold 患感冒

have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快

have classes 上课

have fun with 玩得高兴

have to 不得不;必须

hear from 收到…的来信

hear of 听说,知道

help oneself to sth 请随便吃点

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

help…out 帮助某人解决困难

hold on 等一等(别挂电话)

hold one's breath 不出气,屏住呼吸

hundreds of 几百,成百上千

hurry up 赶快,快点

in a hurry 匆忙,很快地

in a word 简言之,总之



in all 总之

in common 共同,共有

in danger 处在危险状态

in fact 事实上,实际上

in front of 在…前面

in need of 需要,缺少

in order that 为了

in order to/so as to 为了

in order 按顺序

in other words 换句话说

in peace 安静,宁静

in public 当众;公开

in surprise 吃惊,惊讶

in the end 最后,终于

in time 及时,来得及

instead of 代替,而不是

join in/take part in 参加,加入

just now 现在,刚才

keep doing sth. 继续做某事

keep off 勿踏,勿踩

keep on 继续(进行)

keep one's word 守信



keep up 保持;维持;继续

knock at/on 敲

knock into sb. 撞上

laugh at 嘲笑

lead to 导致,导向

let in 让…进来,放进

let out 放掉,泄露

live on 以…为主食,靠…为生

look after 照顾

look ahead 向前看,展望未来

look down upon/on 看不起,轻视

look for 寻找

look forward to 盼望

look into 向…里面看去;调查

look out 留神,当心

look through 看穿,浏览

look up 查找

lots of 许多,大量

make a face 做鬼脸,做哭脸

make friends with 与…交朋友

make up of 有…组成,构成

make up one's mind to do 下决心



make up 和解,化装

millions of 成百万上千万,数以百万计

more or less 或多或少

neither…nor 既不…也不…

next to 紧接着,相邻,次于

no longer/more 不再

not any more/longer 不再

not at all 一点也不,绝非

not only…but also 不仅…而且…

not so…as 不像,不如

not till/until 直到…才

now and then 不时,偶尔

of course 当然

on duty 值日,值班

on foot 走路,步行

on show 展出,在上演(放映)

on time 准时

on / over the radio 通过收音机

once again 再一次

once more 再一次

once upon a time 从前,很久以前

one after another 一个接一个



ought to 应该

out of breath 上气不接下气

out of work 失业

over and over again 反复,多次重复

pass by 经过

pay attention to 注意

pay back 偿还(借款等)

pay for 付款

pick out 选出

pick up 拾起,捡起,接收;开车去接

point out 指出

point to 指向

prevent…from 妨碍,防止,预防

put away 储存;把……收好

put down 记下;放下

put off 推迟

put on weight 发福,增加体重

put on 穿,戴上,上演;播放

put out 扑灭,关熄

put up 挂起;举起;贴(广告等);支起;建造

rather than 而不,非

refer to 提到,涉及,有关



regard …as 把…看作

right away 立即,马上

right now 立即,马上

ring back 回电话

ring up 打电话给

run away 逃跑,失控

run out of/use up 用完

save one's life 挽救某人生命

see…off 为某人送行

sell out 卖完,出卖

send for 派人去叫(请);订购

send out 发出,派遣

send up 发出,射出

separate…from… 分开

set free 释放,解放

set off 动身,起程;使爆发

set out 出发;开始

show off 炫耀,表现自己

side by side 肩并肩,一起

so as to 以便,为的是

so far as (表示程度,范围)就…;尽…

so far 到目前为止



so/as long as 只要

so…that 太…以至于…

sooner or later 迟早,早晚

speed up 加快速度

spend…on sth/(in) doing 在…花钱

stand for 代表,象征

stop doing sth. 停止做某事

stop to do sth. 停下来做某事

such as 例如

take away 拿走

take it easy 别着急,别紧张

take off 脱下,起飞

take one's time 从容,慢慢行动

take out 取出

take place 发生

take the place of 取代,代替

take up 占去,占据(时间、地位等)

talk about 谈论,议论

talk of 谈论,议论,谈到,谈及

the day after tomorrow 后天

the day before yesterday 前天

the more…the more… 越…就越…



the other day 前几天,某日

think about 考虑(是否去做)

think of 想起,考虑;认为,看法

thousands of 成千上万,几千

throw away 扔掉

too… to 太…以至于不…

try on 试穿,试试看

try out 试验

turn down 关小,低调;拒绝

turn off/out 关掉(水、电、电视、收音机、灯、煤气等)

turn on 打开(水、电、电视、收音机、灯、煤气等)

turn over 翻动,梨翻(土地)

turn up 到达,来到;开大(声音)

up and down 上下,来回

used to do sht. 过去常常

be used to sth/doing. 习惯于

wait for 等候,等待

wake up 醒来

work out 算出,解决

worry about 担心,烦恼

write down 写下,记下

write to 写信给…