China is widely known for its ancient civilization ___36___ has continued all the way through into modern times. There are many reasons why this has been possible.
At the beginning, written Chinese was ___37___ picture-based language. Ancient Chinese people carved ___38___（ symbol） on animal bones and shells. By the Shang Dynasty, a well-developed writing system had come into being. At that time, people lived in different places,___39___ （ lead） to many varieties of dialects and characters.
Emperor Qinshihuang united the seven major states into one country where the Chinese writing system began to develop ___40___one direction. The writing system was of great ___41___（important） in uniting the Chinese people and culture. Even today, wherever Chinese people live or whatever dialect they speak, they can communicate___42___ （free） in writing.
Written Chinese has also become an important means by which China's present is connected with___43___（it） past. People in modem times can read classic works that___44___（write） by Chinese in ancient times. The high regard for the Chinese writing system can be seen in the development of Chinese characters as an art form,____45____（ know） as Chinesecalligraphy, which has become an important part of Chinese culture. Today, the Chinese writing system is still an important part of Chinese culture.
37. a 38. symbols
40. in 41. importance
42. freely 43. its
44. were written
考查介词。句意：秦始皇把七个主要地区统一成一个国家，那之后书面汉语系统开始朝着一个方向发展。根据句意可知此处是用固定短语in a direction，意为：“在一个方向上、朝一个方向”。故填in。
考查名词。句意：这样一个书面汉语系统在凝聚中国人民和中国文化时是很重要的。be of importance=be important为固定用法，意为：重要的。故填importance。
考查时态语态。句意：在现代社会，人民也可以读到由古人书写的作品。根据句意和句子结构分析，that引导定语从句，从句的先行词为classic works，与write之间是被动关系，而且动作发生在过去，所以用一般过去时的被动语态，且谓语动词用复数。故填were written。
考查非谓语动词。句意：书面汉语系统的高度重视可以在汉字发展过程中被看作是一种艺术形式，为人们所熟知的中国书法，已经成为中国文化的一个重要组成部分。be known as为固定短语，意为：作为……而著名。此处省略be，用过去分词作后置定语，故填known。
May Basket Day is a lovely tradition with a long history. 56 (sad), most kids today have never heard of it. If you don’t know what we’re talking about either, here’s the colorful and 57 (attract) history behind this heartwarming custom.
On May Basket Day, people would gather their flowers and arrange them in little baskets 58 candies and treats. Then, They would hang them on the doors of some of their neighbors and 59 (friend).
What’s more. May Basket Day 60 (regard) as a mini-Valentine’s Day in the past because people would often leave the flowers tied to the door of someone 61 they loved. If the receiver caught someone in the act of 62 (hang) a basket on his or her door, he or she would chase the other person and give him or her a kiss.
Kids today might laugh at such 63 idea, but back in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was celebrated by many people. In the 1960s, journalists 64 (write) about how few people were still celebrating the day. Now, the tradition is only practiced by small pockets of the country. However, we think that it’s high time
65 (bring) this habit back.
56. Sadly 57. attractive 58. with 59. friends 60. was regarded 61. who/whom/that
62. hanging 63. an 64. wrote 65. to bring
Many Chinese students have studied English for about ten years, but most of them cannot even speak English 56 (fluent).
Actually, there are several difficulties 57 have caused this to happen. The main one is fear! Another is the habit of 58 (translate) from Chinese to English and then to change these thoughts 59 spoken words and sentences. We must learn to speak as a child does. When we are learning 60 second language we need to remember how we learned our native language. 61 (learn) to understand and speak a language is one of the first skills a child 62 (develop) . How does a child learn the language? He listens for a time and then he wants 63 (repeat) the words. 64 takes a long time before he knows anything about grammar, spelling or formal sentence structures.
As for language teachers, they should avoid criticism and be very 65 (encourage) and generous with praise.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, better known as J.R.R. Tolkien, was born in 1892 in South Africa. His parents had moved there looking for 56 better job for his father. Three years 57 (late), his mother took him on a trip to England to visit family. While they were away, they received terrible news that his father had died.
58 (grow) up without a father must have been difficult for Tolkien. Worse still, when he was only twelve years old, his mother also passed away. As a child, he had a great passion for language and in 1908, he went to Oxford University 59 (study) languages and literature. In 1915, he joined the army and fought in the battle against the Germans. But soon, he became too ill to fight and returned 60 England the following year. He wasn't 61 (satisfy) with his childhood, so around in 1933, he spent much time telling his children fantasy 62 (story) of a hobbit（霍比特）called Bilbo. He first put it in writing in 1936, 63 turned out to be a surprising hit. The publisher asked him to write another. He did so and in 1948 published The Lord of the Rings, which 64 (publish) in three volumes between 1954 and 1955.
Tolkien. 65 (age) eighty-one, died in 1973.
56. a 57. later 58. Growing 59. to study
61. satisfied 62. stories 63. which 64. was published 65. aged
A young Tibetan herdsman, 56 name transliterates as Dingzhen in Mandarin, has become a national heartthrob in China after millions of netizens became 57 (fan) of his “clean eyes and pure smile”.
About two weeks ago, a photographer went to Li tang 58 (take) some pictures, and he accidentally shot a video of Dingzhen. In the video, Dingzhen was captured walking in front of his home and 59 (smile) shyly towards the camera. The photographer posted the video on Douyin, and it soon gained two million likes and more than 100,000 comments. Some netizens commented that “the young man’s eyes are full 60 stars and are as pure 61 the blue sky behind him”.
Dingzhen’s sudden popularity made him get 62 large number of fans on China’s social media platforms. When Dingzhen registered a new account on Douyin on November 19, he gained nearly 2 million followers overnight, and his first video 63 (view) about 14 million times in a day.
However, some net users worried that his sudden hit would make his life disturbed, as many netizens have 64 (eager) dug up all the details they can find about the young man. Some entertainment companies intend to employ him. However, Dingzhen refuses and determines to make a living on 65 (he) own.
56. whose 57. fans 58. to take 59. smiling 60. of
61. as 62. a 63. was viewed 64. eagerly 65. his
The Mid-Autumn Festival or the Moon Festival, the second most important festival in China after the Spring Festival, traditionally ___36___ (fall) on the 15th day of the eighth month in the Chinese lunar calendar.
In the past, the Moon Festival ___37___ (observe) at harvest time. Ancient Chinese emperors worshiped (敬奉) the moon in autumn to give thanks ___38___ the harvest. The ordinary people took the Mid-Autumn Festival to be a ___39___ (celebrate) of their hard work and harvest. Nowadays, people mainly celebrate the Moon Festival as a time for family reunions. They have long believed that worshiping the moon and eating together around ___40___ round table will bring them good luck and happiness.
The common customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival include family members eating dinner together, ___41___ (share) mooncakes, worshiping the moon with gifts and displaying lanterns.
Mooncakes are the must-eat Mid-Autumn food in China. Chinese people see the roundness of mooncakes as a symbol of reunion and happiness. Other foods ___42___ (eat) during the festival are harvest foods, such as crabs, pumpkins and grapes. People enjoy them when they are in the ___43___ (fresh) and most nutritious (有营养的) state, and nice meanings are particularly connected with round foods.
Festival food traditions are changing. The younger generation have their own choices about ___44___ they eat. Many of them don’t like mooncakes very much and choose ____45____(enjoy) their favorite foods.
37. was observed
38. for 39. celebration
40. a 41. sharing
42. eaten 43. freshest
44. what 45. to enjoy
考查时态和主谓一致。句意：中秋节，是中国仅次于春节的第二个最重要的节日，传统上是在中国农历8月15日。根据后文“on the 15th day of the eighth month in the Chinese lunar calendar”可知陈述客观事实用一般现在时，且or连接的并列成分作主语时，其谓语通常要与靠近的主语保持一致，即与the Moon Festival保持一致，谓语动词用第三人称单数。故填falls。
考查动词时态语态。句意：在过去，中秋节是在收获季节庆祝的。根据上文“In the past”可知用一般过去时，主语与谓语动词构成被动关系，故应用一般过去时的被动语态，主语为the Moon Festival，谓语动词用单数。故填was observed。
考查介词。句意：中国古代皇帝在秋天敬奉月亮，以感谢丰收。结合句意表示“感谢……”可知短语为give thanks for。故填for。
考查非谓语动词。句意：中秋节的常见习俗包括家庭成员一起吃晚餐，分享月饼，拜月与礼物和展示灯笼。结合句意表示“包括做某事”短语为include doing sth.，与上下文的eating和worshiping 一致，后跟动名词作宾语。故填sharing。
考查形容词最高级。句意：人们喜欢在食物最新鲜、最有营养的状态下吃他们，尤其圆的食物有着好的寓意。根据上文定冠词以及后文“and most nutritious”可知应填形容词最高级freshest，表示“最新鲜的”。故填freshest。
考查非谓语动词。句意：他们中许多人不太喜欢月饼，选择吃他们最喜欢的食物。结合句意表示“选择做某事”可知短语为choose to do sth.。故填to enjoy。